Septic Tank Inspection
On-Site Septic System Inspections
At Kelley Septic & Drain we encourage our clients to be well-informed about on-site septic inspections and we will provide you with in-depth facts about any potential concerns and/or costs associated with an on-site septic system. Out of sight shouldn’t be out of mind, we encourage prospective home buyers to ask questions before purchasing a home.
- What does the existing septic system consist of?
- Does the septic system work as intended?
- How long will the current septic system last?
- If it’s not functioning as intended how much will repairs or a replacement system cost?
Let’s begin with the purpose of a septic system.
Simply put, a septic system allows for the safe removal and disposal of the wastewater created in your home, without causing adverse effects to groundwater or the environment.
During a septic inspection we will identify what type of system you have. That the septic tank is water tight and we’ll determine if the entire septic system is working as intended. If the system is not working as intended and requires repairs or replacement, we will provide you with our recommendations to resolve any areas of concern.
A typical on-site septic system should comprise of the following:
SEWER LINE: Also called mainline or main drain consist of the pipes that carry waste water from your homes plumbing to the septic tank or in some cases the city sewer system.
SEPTIC TANK: The septic tank is a buried, watertight container and can be constructed from concrete, polyethylene plastic, fiberglass, and for older homes steel or even stone (also referred to as a cesspool). The septic tank holds wastewater to allow the separation of oil and grease on top (aka scum layer) and setting of solids on the bottom (aka sludge layer) from liquids, providing the initial treatment of the waste water. Most septic tanks have two compartments separated by a wall known as baffle. The baffle can be constructed out of concrete or plastic. Regularly scheduled routine maintenance of your septic tank is important to guarantee that your entire septic system continues to function optimally. We recommend having your septic tank cleaned and inspected every two years. If solids are not routinely and regularly removed, they can cause blockages that can prevent wastewater from exiting your home. Blockages can also occur in the pipes that take the waste water from the tank to the drain field, solids entering the drain field can lead to partial or complete failure of the drain field.
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: Directs the flow of waste water from the septic tank into the drainage system (aka drain field or leach field) making sure that the drain field is fully utilized.
Most on-site septic are "gravity" fed systems, which means that the waste water flows through the piping into the tank and then into the drain field without the help of any mechanical assistance, like pumps.
DRAINAGE SYSTEM: Disperses the waste water also referred as effluent into the surrounding natural soil. This size of a drain field commonly depends on soil conditions (content of sand, clay etc.) and the daily flows (in gallons) generated from the household. The anticipated flow from a household is usually predicated by the number of bedrooms in the dwelling.
Kelley Septic & Drain provides septic tank cleaning and inspection services year-round.
Our Inspection Services Include:
- Locating the septic system
- Uncovering access holes
- Flushing toilets
- Checking for signs of back up
- Measuring scum and sludge layers
- Identifying any leaks
- Inspecting any mechanical components
- Cleaning the tank